In this short animation you can learn the roles flavonoids play in the symbiotic relationship between plants and other life forms and how they may be able to support humans in thier fight against illness and disease.
If you wish to know more about about what was outlined in the animation, the questions below aim to help out.
Which food is rich in flavonoids?
Most fruits, especially red, blue and purple berries, apples, citrus fruits and their juices contain high levels of flavonoids. Vegetables such as red onions, scallions, red cabbage, kale, broccoli, spinach, celery, hot peppers, soy beans, radishes, and some herbs (e.g. parsley, thyme), as well as some nuts (e.g. pecan, pistachio) or spices (e.g. cinnamon) are rich in flavonoids as well. In general the raw form is considered to hold highest levels of flavonoids, but also processed plant products such as green and black tea, red wine, fermented soy-based products, dark chocolate are named as flavonoid-rich food and beverages. There are several classes of flavonoids, that occur in different types of plant food, and are associated with differing benefits.
Why are flavonoids considered good for us?
Flavonoids are bioactive compounds that are produced in plants to protect them against microbial attacks and UV radiation. Their antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacities may indirectly serve humans when eating flavonoid-rich food. The potential health benefits of flavonoids are currently researched in-depth in order to verify their expected benefits. The envisaged fields of applications range from pharmaceuticals to food supplements.
Why may flavonoids not be equally beneficial to all people?
The bioavailability of flavonoids – their absorption and supply to the respective parts of the body – can depend on many factors including the dietary habits of people, as well as on their individual intestinal microbiota.
What are biosynthetic pathways?
All organisms synthesize substances that they need for their survival by converting simple compounds into more complex compounds. The conversion happens in several steps, in sequences of reactions called biosynthetic or metabolic pathways. The conversion of simple compounds to more complex compounds requires energy and the presence of specific enzymes that enable the reactions.